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Foundation Stage

Children spend their first year of school in The Foundation Stage which makes a crucial contribution to children's early development and learning.  We provide children with a stimulating environment and a range of exciting teaching and learning experiences that are appropriate to their needs.  The Foundation Stage develops key skills such as speaking and listening, concentrating, perseverance and working with others through a play based curriculum.

During this time their curriculum is organised into seven areas of learning, split into Prime and Specific areas which lay secure foundations for their future here at SPCEDS.  We follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework and refer to the Development Matters document. 

The Prime areas of learning are fundamental to supporting development in all other areas of learning.

The three Prime areas of learning are:

  • Communication and Language;
  • Physical Development; and
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development.

The Specific areas of learning include essential skills and knowledge that children need to acquire in order to participate successfully in society. 

The four Specific areas of learning are:

  • Literacy;
  • Mathematics;
  • Understanding the World; and
  • Expressive Arts and Design.

The Foundation Stage curriculum also includes three Characteristics of Effective Learning which refer to how children learn.  They underpin learning and development and support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner.  These are considered carefully when setting up our learning environment and planning activities for the children.

The three Characteristics of Effective Learning are:

  • Playing and exploring - investigating and exploring things, 'having a go';
  • Active learning - concentration and perseverance leading to being proud of achievements;
  • Creating and thinking critically - developing their own ideas, making links between ideas and developing strategies for doing things. 

The outdoor environment is an integral part of the Foundation Stage curriculum; it is planned for, used and thoroughly enjoyed on a daily basis.  The children are entitled to 50% of their learning to be in the outdoors.  Watch our video below to see how we learn outside at SPCEDS.

Staff in Foundation Stage 2 carry out observations on iPads using an app called '2Build A Profile'.  This allows us to carefully track children's abilities and interests in order to ensure that our provision is appropriately challenging and engaging.  Children's profiles are shared regularly with parents/carers via email.  Parents/carers are encouraged to contribute to these profiles.

Reading is supported through our primary Reading Scheme Oxford Reading Tree with Letters and Sounds used for Phonics.

FS2 Resources

Phonics Booklets for Parents (pdf)

Home Learning Session Presentation (pdf)

SPCEDS School Script (pdf)

Helping Your Child Build Fine Motor Skills (pdf)


Foundation Stage 2 Curriculum


Foundation Stage 2 Information and Letters


FS2 Helpful Website Links


Thinking Tools


Foundation Stage 2 Home Learning 


Foundation Stage 2 Blog


Foundation Stage 2 Parent/Carer Questionnaire




Are you concerned that your child may have a special educational need?  Click here to find out more.


Learning to Keep Safe - check out our page that directs you to some useful websites for advice